2014 May

magento

How to install Magento, an eCommerce Software

Posted by | CSS, Ecommerce, HTML, Magento, Online Store, Website | No Comments

This tutorial is for users who would like to install Magento, a popular eCommerce software businesses use to help them sell products through their website.  However, most eCommerce software is compatible with Arvixe services and people have the freedom to choose which software they like to use.  For the purpose of this demo, I will use the domain magento.arvixedemo.com as an example.

Tutorial:

1. Go to http://www.magentocommerce.com/download/noregister and download the “full release” package onto your home computer in any format, but I recommend .zip for most users.

2. Once the download finishes, log in to cPanel at (your domain)/cpanel, such as magento.arvixedemo.com/cpanel.  In most cases, the username and password will be the same as the ones during the signup process with Arvixe.  After logging in, you may either use a FTP client like Filezilla or File Manager on cPanel.

  • If you are using a FTP client, connect to your home directory.  The host is typically your domain, the username and password is the same as the cPanel log in, and the port is typically 21.  Once connected, locate the magento installation package, named magento-1.2.0.zip or magento-1.2.0.tar.gz, etc.  Drag and drop the package into any directory within public_html, but I recommend uploading the package into public_html, which I will explain in a moment.
  • If you are using the File Manager provided on cPanel.  Simply go to the public_html folder, then select upload, and select the magento package (magento-1.2.0.zip, etc.) to upload it to your folder.

3. Once you upload the magento package, you may use file manager’s extraction tool to extract the files within the package.  Go to file manager and select the magento package, then extract it to any folder you want. The extraction tool will typically create a folder called magento, which contains all the installation files.

  • If you want magento to start on your home page, you may move all the installation files to public_html, otherwise you will see magento installed at wherever your magento folder was extracted to, such as public_html/magento.

Note: Most of file manager’s tools are located at the top of the page:

4.  Now you have all the installation files extracted to your directory.  Now Magento requires PHP5 to run, so if you are on our EAGLE or BANANA server, then your default PHP loader is 4, all other servers(APE, LION, HAWK, BAT, etc. will have PHP5 as the default).  For those on EAGLE and BANANA, PHP5 is setup on the server, so you may switch to it if you want to.  I recommend it because it’s better than PHP4 in my opinion, but also since Magento requires PHP5.  To change the loader to PHP5, go to cPanel and scroll down to “Software/Services,” and you should see “PHP Configuration.”

PHP Configuration

PHP Configuration

Once you go to “PHP Configuration,” you should see a statement “The “.php” file extension will be processed by” and you select PHP5, then update.

5. Once you change the PHP loader, you need to create a database for Magento.  Go to “MySql Databases under the “Database” menu, which is right above the “Software/Services” menu.  Then create a new database.  You may call the database whatever you want, but call it something such that you will know the database is for Magento.  Once you create the database, you should see a database in the form of (username)_(database name you just created).

6. Now open a new browser window and in the address bar, enter (your domain)/(directory where magento folder is located), e.i. magento.arvixedemo.com/magento (there is no need to place public_html in the address because the domain magento.arvixedemo.com will, in a sense, do that for you).  It should take you the installation page for Magento.  Most of the information provided should already be provided for you.  You agree to the terms and conditions, hit next, select your location, hit next.  Now if a message that says something like “PHP extension pdo_mysql must be loaded,” then read the next bullet point.

  • If you get the message that tells you “pdo_mysql must be loaded,” then do the following.  You need to create a file called php.ini which will load certain php settings.  Either open up notepad or a text editor on your computer and put the following statements inside:

extension=pdo.so
extension=pdo_mysql.so

  • Save the file as php.ini.  Then upload the file into your magento directory and subdirectories, app, lib, and media.
  • Restart the installation and you should be able to bypass the message.

(The image below is the first page  you should see for the Magento Install)

Again most of the fields will be intelligently guessed for you.  However, when it asks you to enter you database information, the host normally stays “localhost,” but the database name will be the same one you created in the last step, in the format (username)_(database name).  The username and password in most cases will be the same as the cpanel login information.  Continue you on to the admin setup page, and create an admin account for Magento.  Once you do that, you are all set.  You may preview how Magento will work on your site by going to magento.arvixedemo.com

You have just successfully installed Magento.  If, however, you feel something is missing in this tutorial that should be pointed out, please comment the blog.  I hope this tutorial helped.

tips

Tips For Using Images In Modern Web Design

Posted by | CSS, Design, Ecommerce, HTML, Online Store, Website | No Comments

When it comes to web design, the phrase “A picture is worth a thousand words” couldn’t be more accurate. We all understand how, in its most basic form, web design is supposed to provide an ideal platform for users to engage with and consume content. But as the web has matured, so have the tastes of its users. And, in essence, we’ve come to prefer the brevity and beauty of images over words. It’s these calls for quick and easily consumable content that have led rise to sites like Instagram and Pinterest.

But how should these trends actually affect the ways in which we design and organize our own sites? No matter how you slice the pie, at the end of the day we all need to provide detailed content for our readers, not just pretty images.

magento enterprise

Magento Community Edition (CE) 1.9 Release Notes

Posted by | CSS, Ecommerce, Magento, Online Store, Website | No Comments

Contents

These Release Notes contain the following information:

Important Upgrade Information

Important: Use CE 1.9.0.0 or later for all new CE installations and upgrades to get the latest fixes, features, and security updates.

Magento CE 1.9.0.0 Release Notes

See the following sections for information about changes in this release:

Highlights

This section lists the key new features in Magento CE 1.9. For more information about these new features, see New Features in Magento EE 1.14 and CE 1.9.

  • The default theme in Magento CE 1.9 uses Responsive Web Design principles to provide a better experience for users of mobile devices in particular. Benefits include:
    • You can get a tablet and smart phone friendly responsive site in about half the time as before, speeding time to market and freeing up resources for other projects.
    • Your responsive site makes you better able to participate in the fast growing mobile commerce space, gives you the ability to more easily adapt to new opportunities, and is less expensive to maintain. A responsive site also offers potential search engine optimization (SEO) benefits because it uses Google’s preferred approach to mobile-optimizing sites.
  • Cross-border trade: (Also referred to as pricing consistency.) We support European Union (EU) merchants operating across regions and geographies who want to show their customers a single price. Pricing is clean and uncluttered regardless of tax structures and rates that vary from country to country.
    To enable cross-border trade in the Admin Panel, click System > Configuration > SALES > Tax > Calculation Settings, option Enable Cross Border Trade.
  • Supports PHP 5.4
  • The Zend Framework has been upgraded to version 1.12.3
  • Checkout improvements:
    • You can capture up to 18% more sales by providing customers access to financing using the Bill Me Later service at no additional cost to you.
    • You can offer your customers a smoother, more streamlined PayPal Express Checkout experience, which tries alternative payment options when a customer’s credit card is rejected
    • Improve the PayPal Express checkout experience by eliminating the following steps in the checkout process:
      • The order review page can be enabled or disabled
      • Eliminate the necessity of clicking Update Order before Place Order

    (Conversion means helping customers stay interested and complete their purchases.)

Security Enhancements

  • Addressed a potential cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability while creating configurable product variants.
  • Addressed a potential security issue that could result in displaying information about a different order to a customer.
  • Users can no longer change the currency if the payment method PayPal Website Payments Standard is used.
  • Removed an .swf file from the Magento distribution because of security issues.
  • Improved file system security.
  • Enhanced the security of action URLs, such as billing agreements.
  • Addressed a potential session fixation vulnerability during checkout.
  • Improved the security of the Magento development randomness function.

Changes

  • A default setting for configurable and bundled products has changed. When you create a configurable or bundled product in the Admin Panel, click Manage > Products. Create a new configurable or bundled product and click the Design tab. The default option for Display Product Options In has changed to Product Info Column.
  • The Google Websites Optimizer has been disabled because it has been deprecated by Google. (In earlier EE versions, this option was available in the Admin Panel at System > Configuration > SALES > Google API > Google Website Optimizer).
  • Two new options to prevent “clickjacking” if you run Magento in a frame or iframe:
      • Enable frames only in the same domain.
      • Enable frames.

    Important: For security reasons, Magento strongly recommends against running the Magento software in a frame.

    The options are available in the Admin Panel at System > Configuration > ADVANCED > Admin > Security and are named Allow Magento Backend to run in frame and Allow Magento Frontend to run in frame.

    Enabling the option causes the X-Frame-Options request header to be sent.

  • FedEx changed their endpoints for sandbox and production to the following:

    Because of these changes, Magento cannot retrieve shipping rate information or print shipping labels for FedEx unless this fix is applied.

  • CE 1.9 includes a fix that prevented some Discover credit cards from validating properly. The issue was that certain Discover credit card number ranges were not recognized as being valid. As a result of the fix, all Discover cards should validate properly.Important: This is not a security threat. No data has been compromised or misused. It affects only the ability to validate certain credit card number ranges as valid Discover card numbers.
  • The default values for two configuration options changed. Both options can be found in the Admin Panel under System > Configuration > CATALOG > Catalog > Frontend. The new default values follow:
    • Products per Page on Grid Allowed Values is now 12, 24, 36.
    • Products per Page on Grid Default Value is now 12.
  • On the New Rule page for shopping cart price rules (Rule Information tab page), explanatory text Usage limit enforced for logged in customers only was added to the Uses per customer field. This is to avoid confusion encountered by some Magento merchants.
  • Changes to PayPal Express checkout:
    • Changes to both Proceed to Checkout and to Pay With PayPal:
        • Customers cannot edit their billing address on the PayPal site—in fact, the billing address does not display on the PayPal site.
        • Magento CE uses the customer’s PayPal address information, not the address information stored in Magento CE. The customer does not need to enter Magento CE or EE address information.
        • When the customer is redirected to the PayPal site, they can click Change next to their payment method to change it.

      The Magento administrator can set billing address information in the Admin Panel as follows: System > Configuration > SALES > Payment Methods. For any payment method that includes Express Checkout, in Basic Settings, set the value of the Require Customer’s Billing Address list.

    • Changes to Pay With PayPal only:
      • If the Magento administrator does not require the customer’s billing address, the customer’s billing address is set to the customer’s PayPal shipping address.
      • If the Magento requires the customer’s billing address, the customer’s billing address billing address is set to the customer’s PayPal billing address.
      • On the PayPal site, the customer can click Change next to their shipping address to change it. The customer can choose any shipping address configured with PayPal.
      • Because the customer’s configured address in Magento is not used, the customer’s shipping address stored in PayPal is never changed.
    • Changes to Proceed to Checkout only:
      • No Change link displays next to a customer’s shipping address on the PayPal site.
      • In the event of a shipping address mismatch between Magento and PayPal, the following message displays when the customer attempts to pay using PayPal:
        The address you entered on store-name is different than your PayPal preferred shipping address. 
        Return to store-name if you'd like to change the shipping address

        The user can select the Use as preferred shipping address check box to instruct PayPal to change their shipping address.

Tax Calculation Fixes

  • Fixed price and dynamic price bundled products where the price is configured to include tax display prices correctly regardless of tax settings. (For example, customer’s default tax rate is different from the origin tax rate.)
  • Resolved a one-cent rounding issue when Fixed Product Tax (FPT) is enabled and the option Apply Discount to FPT is set to Yes. (These options are available in the Admin Panel by going to System > Configuration > SALES > Tax > Fixed Product Taxes.)
  • Resolved issues with calculating the credit memo amount when FPT is discounted and the customer purchases more than one item.

Fixes

Fixes in this release can be divided into the following categories:

Web Store and Shopping Cart Fixes

  • A customer can update quantities of items in their mini shopping cart from their My Account page.
  • The Minimum Advertised Price pop-up works properly in the web store. When the customer clicks Click for price, the price displays as expected.
  • The “customer since” date is correct.
  • Switching stores when viewing a product with store-scoped URL keys works as expected.
  • Setting System > Configuration > CATALOG > Inventory, option Display Out of Stock Products to Yes no longer causes all products to appear as out of stock.
  • Entering accented characters in the zip code field during checkout results in a validation error instead of an exception message.
  • Gift card codes are sent only after an item is purchased.
  • A customer who attempts to log in as another customer with incorrect credentials is denied.
  • Resolved issues with applying a 100% discount to an order.
  • Customers are no longer redirected to the home page when they have permission to view a category.
  • Discount amount displays correctly for products with custom options.
  • Issues with placing PayPal Payments Advanced or PayPal Payflow Link orders using Internet Explorer 9 have been resolved.

Promotional Price Rule Fixes

The following fixes relate to administering and using shopping cart price rules and catalog price rules:

  • Shopping cart price rules apply properly to grouped products.
  • Two catalog price rules applied to the same product work properly.
  • The setting Stop Further Rules Processing is honored.
  • A user with read-only privileges in the Admin Panel cannot save changes to a price rule.
  • Applying a shopping cart price rule does not display an exception.
  • Coupon codes apply only to products eligible for the price rule.

Administrative Ordering, Invoicing, Credit Memo Fixes

  • An administrative user with access to only one website from which a product was deleted no longer sees a stack trace when attempting to create an RMA for that product. In other words, after a customer placed an order for a product on Website1, an administrator with privileges to all websites removes the product. Later, when an administrator with access to only Website1 attempts to create an RMA for the deleted product, that administrator no longer sees an error message; instead, they see an expected Access Denied message.
  • Resolved an issue with incorrectly calculating the amount of an invoice when some items were discounted by a shopping cart price rule.
  • Credit memo amount is calculated correctly when processing a partial invoice with a discount.
  • Making comments in a credit memo no longer returns items to stock. (Prerequisite: an administrator set System > Configuration > CATALOG > Inventory > Product Stock Options, option Automatically Return Credit Memo Item to Stock set to Yes.)

Import Fixes

  • A product with a custom attribute set imports successfully.

Payment Method Fixes

  • If guest checkout is disabled, a customer must log in to check out with PayPal Express.
  • Eliminated errors in the logs when an administrator clicks System > Configuration > SALES > Payment Methods.
  • You can now use New Zealand dollars as the base currency with the eWAY Direct payment bridge.
  • Store credit is applied correctly when using Website Payments Pro Hosted Solution.
  • If the merchant country is Germany (DE), disabled guest checkout for the express checkout method and PayPal Website Payments Standard.

Other Fixes

  • Categories on the web store now display with spaces between category names for cached and non-cached pages.
  • A customer can now initiate a return from the web store.
  • An administrative user can subscribe to low stock RSS feeds without errors.
  • Category URLs work as expected, regardless of the setting of Create Custom Redirect for old URL for the category’s URL key.
  • Setting allow_url_fopen = Off in php.ini has no effect on the CMS WYSIWYG editor.
  • No fatal error displays when a role-restricted user previews a newsletter in the Admin Panel.
  • Google Sitemap files now include the .html suffix for category and product URLs.
  • Customers can use advanced search on your web store if Magento EE is configured to use the default MySQL Fulltext search engine and the server uses MySQL 5.6.
  • A role-restricted user can preview a newsletter in the Admin Panel to which the user has privileges.
  • After synchronizing media files with the database, media/customer/.htaccess is present with the correct data. (Prerequisite: an administrator set System > Configuration > ADVANCED > System > Storage Configuration for Media set to Database).
  • cron now restarts indexers if they previously failed to run.
  • You can save changes to a category that has more than 1,000 products.
  • Deactivating one of several banners no longer causes exceptions in system.log.
  • Resolved issues with the WSDL cache.
  • Improved the efficiency of product searches.
  • Resolved issues with the DHL International shipping method.
  • Resolved 404 (Not Found) errors in layered navigation.
  • Resolved a SQL error when attempting to assign a bundled product to another website.
  • Rules-based product relations perform as expected after being saved.
  • Resolved an issue with sending duplicate Content-Type headers when using mod_fastcgi with the Apache web server.

Source By –  Magentocommerce.com

livejs

CSS & JS Auto-Refreshing with Live.js

Posted by | CSS, Design, Ecommerce, HTML, Online Store, Website | No Comments

I want to share a fantastic little tool that I’ve only recently come across; Live.js, written by Martin Kool.

This JavaScript file automatically checks for changes to your CSS and JavaScript files, and refreshes them.

That means you can have your text editor in one half of the screen, and a web browser in the other. When you save changes in the editor, the updates are reflected immediately in your browser. It really helps to speed up your development time.

A lot of text editors offer HTML previews and such, but they only work for plain .html pages. The great thing about Live.js is that it works on any webpage, including a working WordPress theme.

Live.js for WordPress Plugin

I have put together a (very!) simple plugin for WordPress to make things that little bit easier. You can download it here (Rename the folder to “pbd-livejs” once you unzip it), or view it on Github.

It automatically adds Live.js to your theme, but only when you are logged in and working locally. You should never use this script on a live site, and the plugin ensures you won’t.

It also keeps the script out of your theme code, which is good because it’s purely for development. There is no need for it to be present in the files on your server.

One final note is that although Live.js also supports sensing HTML changes, I have disabled this. With it enabled, your webpage essentially “flashes” as it loads every second or two.

Let me know if you try it out, or if you’ve used Live.js before already!

If you already have an idea, then what are you waiting for? Request a Quote